The retroactive nature of long-tail claims makes occurrence-based CGL policies (commercial general liability insurance policies) very valuable to business owners, churches, school boards and landlords. These policies became available on the American market in the 1940’s. For an occurrence-based CGL policy to provide defense or indemnity, the property damage or bodily injury that triggers the policy must occur within the policy period. However, where the damage or injury does not become evident until years later (as often is the case with environmental damage, product liability or sexual misconduct scenarios), this insurance policy will still respond to a properly filed claim notice.

The commercial general liability policy insures business owners against claims made by parties damaged by the conduct of his employees, his products or his waste products provided that the damage occurs during the policy period and it is not the type of damage excluded under the language of the policy. Even where the employee’s sexual misconduct does not become evident some twenty years after the occurrence, this policy can still provide defense and indemnity. Even where the underground storage tank’s leak goes undiscovered for thirty years, as of the date the leak is discovered, the business owner can file a claim under his CGL policy issued the date the leak began. Even where the business owner’s product is not revealed as harmful for forty years, once its harmful effects surface, a claim can be filed under this policy issued when it was placed in the stream of commerce.

These are some very good reasons to treat your occurrence based commercial general liability policy like a valuable business asset. Yet often, business owners treat the CGL policy as if it had no value after its expiration date and they discard it with expired fire insurance policies to make room for new document storage. Should they try to obtain a copy of the policy at a later date they often find that the insurance broker issuing the policy has failed to keep a copy in his archives. Further, just knowing the identity of the underwriter does not provide the basis for an appropriately filed claim. Insurers receiving claim notices under commercial general liability policies without identifying policy numbers and policy periods typically reject the claim because they lack adequate information with which to locate the policy in their files.

“When old insurance policies are brought to the light of day, they put small business owners on the same playing field as governments and companies with deep resources.”

-Brent Huber of Ice Miller LLP in Indianapolis.

Kristen Drake

Kristen Drake

President

Kristen Drake is a solutions-driven client advocate with nearly 20 years of research and operational management experience. In her role as President and Lead Insurance Archeologist, Kristen works directly with policyholders facing long-tail environmental demands and mass tort lawsuits arising from asbestos exposure and latent sexual abuse and misconduct claims. Kristen has successfully documented liability insurance programs for hundreds of clients, including nationally-based youth organizations, religious and educational institutions, manufacturers, developers, and drycleaners.

Dru Carlisle

Dru Carlisle

Account Executive & Insurance Archeologist

For over a decade, Dru has assisted hundreds of business and property owners facing regulatory action, as they navigate and manage environmental liability. Through her direct work with clients searching for lost or misplaced historic insurance policies, Dru has seen first-hand the value of Insurance Archeology, driving her to leave no stone unturned in her search for viable insurance policies. 

James Pawlish

James Pawlish

Staff Investigator

James Pawlish works in lockstep with our policyholder clients to unearth lost or mislaid liability policies issued decades ago. Armed with a background in political science and history and a keen interest in advocacy, James works tirelessly to draw out evidence of coverage for clients facing asbestos-related claims, lawsuits alleging sexual misconduct, and demands for environmental remediation and clean-up.

In Memorium: Joseph M. Junfola, CPCU

In Memorium: Joseph M. Junfola, CPCU

Insurance Analyst

Joseph Junfola’s insurance claim career spans 43+ years with experience managing, directly or in a supervisory capacity, commercial and personal lines of insurance claims. For the last 29 years, he has specialized in commercial long-term exposure or continuous property damage, bodily injury and personal injury claims on a national basis primarily involving construction defect, environmental, toxic tort, product liability, and design professional liability claims. He frequently collaborates with underwriting professionals to draft and redraft policy language. His experience also includes construction accident claims, particularly third-party-over actions in New York.

Learn More

Upon retirement from Admiral Insurance Group, an excess and surplus carrier, Joseph formed Junfola Claim Consulting in July 2019. He provides the following insurance consulting services: coverage and claim analysis, litigation support, mediations, settlement conferences, carrier meetings, trial monitoring, webinars, workshops, policy language review and research.

Joseph has achieved many professional milestones in his career including a published book on construction defect claims and numerous articles. Joseph is an instructor at the Academy of Insurance creating and delivering webinars and is an adjunct lecturer at Borough of Manhattan Community College – CUNY, Business Management Department, and will be teaching Principles of Risk Management and Insurance and Property and Liability Insurance Principles.

Joseph is also an associate member of the American Association of Insurance Consultants, a Fellow at the Claims and Litigation Management Alliance and a member of the Professional Liability Defense Federation.

Samantha De Elorrieta, AU, AINS

Samantha De Elorrieta, AU, AINS

Investigative Insurance Researcher

Samantha De Elorrieta is a staunch client advocate with a penchant for bringing long-buried information to light. Samantha has nearly a decade of experience in investigative research. In her work as a Commercial Underwriter for a specialized book of business, she received multiple designations from The Institutes, including an Associate in Commercial Underwriting and an Associate in General Insurance.

David O'Neill, J.D.

David O'Neill, J.D.

Director of Investigations

David O’Neill has over 20 years of experience in claims recovery on behalf of corporate policyholders involving environmental property damage and toxic tort and asbestos exposure claims. He is an accomplished insurance archeologist with extensive experience in locating and retrieving insurance coverage evidence on behalf of potentially responsible parties responding to environmental investigation and remediation demands.

Learn More

Mr. O’Neill is also an experienced PRP investigator with knowledge of CERCLA/SARA requirements, having conducted over thirty PRP searches at Superfund hazardous waste sites for PRP defense counsel and previously for USEPA Regions V and VIII. Mr. O’Neill was formerly Insurance Research Manager for Risk International Services, Inc. He graduated from Case Western Reserve Law School in 1986.
Lezlee Liljenberg, CIC, CRIS, MLIS, PA, MA

Lezlee Liljenberg, CIC, CRIS, MLIS, PA, MA

Insurance Analyst

Lezlee Liljenberg is a Professional Financial Representative holding 6 & 63 Securities licenses, she also holds licenses as a Property & Casualty Agent in Texas and New Mexico, Public Adjuster, Life & Health Agent and Texas Real Estate Broker.

She is well-known in the insurance and real estate industries for her responsiveness, knowledge, and professionalism in handling situations in both industries. Her 36 years of contractual knowledge is extensive and is strengthened by her years as a Commodity Electricity trader during Deregulation in 2001.

Paul Fassler

Paul Fassler

Senior Insurance Specialist

Mr. Fassler has over 35 years of experience in the insurance industry.   He held a variety of technical and managerial positions in the claims area during his career.  Most notably, Mr. Fassler was the Senior Claims Analyst for environmental claims with Sentry Insurance, where he spent 15 years.

Learn More

As the Senior Claims Analyst, Mr. Fassler worked on hundreds of complex property damage and bodily injury claims, involving soil and groundwater impacts, asbestos and silica dust exposure and large multi-party contribution and toxic tort claims. He managed the defense and any associated litigation on a wide variety of claims involving primary, umbrella and excess policies. He has a strong working knowledge of commercial liability and pollution liability policies. He worked with a broad spectrum of policy holders from stand-alone neighborhood dry cleaners to Fortune 500 companies. As the claims were not confined to one geographic area, Mr. Fassler has a solid understanding of the insurance laws and court rulings in many judicial regions. He has given numerous depositions and has testified on coverage issues in trial and at arbitration. Mr. Fassler is skilled at evaluating and interpreting the existence of prior insurance policies, can determine which policies have the potential to provide coverage for specific claims, and is able to negotiate cost sharing agreements between the various insurance carriers that have policies triggered for those claims